BORDER OPERATING MODEL
During 2020 the government introduced the Border Operating Model as a guide to how the border with the EU would work post transition. They introduced a new staged approach to imports with effect from 1st January 2021. While there was and will still be considerable changes that importers will need to adjust to, the Border Operating Model introduced some of the changes in stages:
Pre-notification requirements for Products of Animal Origin (POAO), certain animal by-products (ABP), and High-Risk Food Not of Animal Origin (HRFNAO)
Export Health Certificate requirements for POAO and certain ABP will come into force on the same date.
Extending the option for business to use deferred declarations for up to 6 months after the goods have been imported until Jan 2022
Safety and Security Declarations
Physical SPS checks for POAO, certain ABP, and HRFNAO will not be required until 1 January 2022. At that point they will take place at Border Control Posts.
From March 2022, checks at Border Control Posts will take place on live animals and low risk plants and plant products.
Once this all comes into force then then everything will default to the agreed terms within the TCA.
Around 143,000 companies in the UK previously traded with the EU and have or had no experience in import or export documentation. Post transition there have been difficulties on both sides of the channel which hopefully we are now seeing subside. However, there it seems that some traders are still oblivious to the requirements for customs documentation. Every shipment coming into the UK now requires import customs clearance, failure to do so will incur penalties.
In addition, all imports require a Safety and Security Declaration (SSD) used by border authorities to analyse the potential risk caused to their territory by goods crossing their border. It is not about the duties and taxes.